Anatomy of the ASM Geodesic Dome
Tracy Evans Photography 2014
ASM Headquarters & Geodesic Dome
Materials Park, Ohio
Anatomy of the ASM Geodesic Dome:
*The Geodesic Dome on the ASM Headquarters Campus is the Worlds Largest Open-Air Geodesic Dome
*The Dome itself is actually made up of two domes, one within the other, 30" apart for stability with a minimum number of members at each joint. The two domes are linked by 4-inch tubing at the corner of each hexagon cell, which are reinforced by radial tension rods.
*It took almost 13 miles of extruded aluminum tubing and tension rods welded into hexagons to make up the Geodesic Dome
*The name given to the Geodesic dome, "Space Lattice"- was patented by R. Buckminster Fuller who's firm, Synergetics, Inc., also designed the dome.
*The Dome stands 103 feet, (11 stories high), is 274 feet in diameter, weighs 80 tons, and is constructed of 65,000 parts!
*There are no internal supports, the entire 80-ton weight rests on five concrete-filled pylons driven into the Earth.
*The dome was designed to withstand an 8-inch coating of ice and 500 mph strong winds
*The sphere or partial sphere design encompasses largest volume with least surface.
*This dome represents Buckminster Fuller's philosophy and his belief that humanity must be able to do more with less if it is to prosper in the years ahead envisioning a structure of greater strength by using lighter weight material.
*The geodesic dome is a creative symbol of future, invention and strength
*Although the dome covers & intertwines with the ASM Headquarters semi-cirrcular building, they are two seperate structures.
*The complex-ASM Headquarters & Geodesic Dome-was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 22, 2009
The dome construction began with assembling the hexagon units on the ground at the site with the major parts being extruded aluminum tubing and tension rods, joints for each hexagon corners, and articulated base sections. These parts were bolted together to form small sections and then five pylons were formed. First, the five pylons with their bridges were erected. From then on, hexagonal cells were lifted and placed upward from all points of its circular base using multiple cranes. Finally, the center and final section of the dome was fitted atop to complete the design.
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